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Architectural terms, their definitions in English and their translations

There are 321 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
Rear vault

vault of the internal hood of a doorway or window to which a splay has been given on the reveal, sometimes the vaulting surface is terminated by a small rib known as the scoinson rib, and a further development is given by angle shafts carrying this rib, known as scoinson shafts.


receding edge of a flat face. On a flat signboard, for example, the return is the edge which makes up the board’s depth.

Revolving Door

an entrance door for excluding drafts from an interior of a building. A revolving door typically consists of three or four doors that hang on a center shaft and rotate around a vertical axis within a round enclosure.


is a scripting tool based on Microsoft’s VBScript language. With RhinoScript, you can quickly add functionality to Rhino, or automate repetitive tasks. It is a set of instructions or procedures (like a recipe) which is read by the computer line by line. the ability to control the flow of the script is where it becomes useful. it is flow control which enables the script to evaluate certain conditions and respond appropriately.

Rib vault

The intersection of two or three barrel vaults.

Roman empire

The name derives from Byzantium, another name for Constantinople, the eastern capital. The style continued for over one thousand years, surviving until the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453. The earliest works of art date from the 6th century when Byzantine art developed its own particular style (I Golden Age). Following a lengthy period of decline caused by the spread of iconoclasm which forbade the representation of religious subjects, it flourished once more during the reign of the Macedonian dynasty (867-1057, II Golden Age) and under the dynasty of the Palaeologus Emperors (1261-1453 Byzantine Renaissance). Byzantine art produced architectural works of art (Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, 7th-century, the Basilica of S. Apollinare Nuovo and S. Apollinare in Classe in Ravenna, 8th-9th century), magnificent mosaics (Ravenna, the cathedral of Monreale in Palermo), as well as icons and illuminated manuscripts.


A style of the figurative arts – especially sculpture – and of architecture which flourished throughout western Europe from the end of the 10th century until the middle of the 12th century (in Italy until the early decades of the 13th century). Typical features of the Romanesque style are: simple pillars often alternating with composite pillars; cross or barrel vault ceilings; external pilaster strips and buttresses; bays separated by transverse arches supported by clustered columns.

Roof comb

the structure that tops a pyramid in monumental Mesoamerican architecture.

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