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Architectural terms, their definitions in English and their translations

There are 321 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
Macchiaioli

Group of Italian impressionist painters who used a technique of ‘spots’ (macchie) of colour. The school came into being in Florence between 1857 and 1867; some of its most important exponents were Giovanni Fattori, Telemaco Signorini and Silvestro Lega.

Mandapa

in Indian architecture, a pillared outdoor hall or pavilion for public rituals.

Mansard roof

a curb hip roof in which each face has two slopes, the lower one steeper than the upper; from the French mansarde after the accomplished 17th-century French architect noted for using (not inventing) this style, François Mansart, d. 1666.

Maqsurah

in Islamic architecture, the sanctuary or praying-chamber in a mosque, sometimes enclosed with a screen of lattice-work; occasionally, a similar enclosure round a tomb.

Marriage stone

a stone lintel, usually carved, with a marriage date.

Mass customization

in architectural manufacturing and fabrication, mass customization is the use of flexible computer-aided manufacturing systems to produce custom output of something you normally have little control over. Those systems combine the low unit costs of mass production processes with the flexibility of individual customization.

Mihrab

in Islamic architecture, a semicircular niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of prayer.

Modillion

enriched block or horizontal bracket generally found under the cornice and above the bedmold of the Corinthian entablature. It is probably so called because of its arrangement in regulated distances.

Molding

decorative finishing strip.

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