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Architectural terms, their definitions in English and their translations

There are 321 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
Inigo Jones

A famous English Renaissance architect who introduced the classic Palladian style into England.

England and the rest of the predominantly Protestant countries were not immediately influenced by the Baroque style of the papal states. Unlike the rest of Europe during the sixteenth century, England had not yet fully embraced the Renaissance style.

Credit for bringing the Italian Renaissance style to England is given to the architect Inigo Jones, regarded as the first significant English architect..

Apprenticed to a joiner (an artisan or draftsman skilled in joining woods together by means of joints, glue, nails, etc.) and sent to Italy to study, he was imbued with the spirit of Classical architecture as exemplified by Andrea Palladio. On his return to England, he inspired the use of these forms, under the patronage of Charles I. Jones has been called the English Palladio..

Jacobean / Jacobean Revival Architecture

Jacobean style 1600-1690

Architecture and furniture during the reign of James I in Britain (1603-25) and his son, Charles I (1625-1649).

Some historians extend the period to the Commonwealth (1649-1660) and even the Restoration period, including Charles II (1660-1685) and James II (1685-1688).


Jagati – a raised surface, platform or terrace upon which an Indian temple is placed


Jamb: The side parts of a window frame or window opening, as distinct from head and sill.


A roof having a sloping (hipped) end cutting off a gable.

Jetty (jettied)

A projecting part of a building, as the upper story of a timber house


Jettying – a building technique used in medieval timber frame buildings in which an upper floor projects beyond the dimensions of the floor below.

Jigsaw Carving

Jigsaw Carving: Wooden ornament cut with a thin narrow saw blade.

John La Farge

(1835-1910) was an American painter, stained glass window maker, decorator, and writer.

Born in New York City to wealthy French émigré Roman Catholic parents, La Farge grew up in a cultured French-speaking household. He received a Catholic education at St. John's College (later Fordham) in New York and at Mt. Saint Mary's College in Maryland, where he graduated in 1853.

Uncertain about a career in law that he began to pursue, he went to Paris in 1856 and briefly studied painting with Thomas Couture. Returning to New York, he took a space in the new Tenth Street Studio Building. In 1859 he went to work with painter William Morris Hunt in Newport, Rhode Island, but soon left the studio to paint directly from nature, inspired by Newport's beautiful environment and his own advanced approach to aesthetics. It was in Newport during the 1860s and early 1870s that some critics suggest that La Farge produced the first impressionist experiments painted on American soil and also some of the most beautiful flower paintings ever created.


Joist : One of a series of parallel timber beams used to support floor and ceiling loads, and supported in turn by larger beams, girders, or bearing walls; the widest dimension is vertically oriented.

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