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Architectural terms, their definitions in English and their translations

There are 321 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
Adam style (Adamesque)

Later version of European Neoclassicism based on Robert's Adam's studies of excavations at Herculaneum and Pompeii. Architecture

An architectural style based on the work of Robert Adam (1728-1792) and his brothers

Basically Neoclassical; it also adapted Gothic, Egyptian. and Etruscan motifs.

His decorative motifs -- medallions, urns, vine scrolls, sphinxes, and tripods -- were taken from Roman art and, as in Roman stucco work, are arranged sparsely within broad, neutral spaces and slender margins.

Robert Adam's interior/exterior decorative approach also included the following:

Flat grotesque panels
Pilasters
Elaborate color schemes
Delicate painted ornament, including
    Swags
    Ribbons 

The style was predominant in England in the late 18th cent. and strongly influential in the U.S.A., Russia. and elsewhere.

The style reached America in the years immediately after the Revolutionary War. Labeled "Federal," it was enthusiastically embraced by Americans, who then adapted it to suit their own tastes and circumstances.

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