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Architectural terms, their definitions in English and their translations

There are 321 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition

A slab forming the crowning member of a capital. It consists of a square block, or one enriched with molding.

Latin: "abacus" = table, tablet

Greek Doric - square without chamfer or molding

Greek Ionic - thinner with ovolo molding only

Roman Ionic and Corinthian - the sides are hollowed on plan and have the angles cut off

Romanesque - the abacus is deeper but projects less and is molded with rounds and hollows, or merely chamfered on the lower edge

Gothic - the circular or octagonal abacus was favored in England, while the square or octagonal abacus is a French feature

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