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Architectural terms, their definitions in English and their translations

There are 321 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition

Noun Volute: A carved spiral form in classical architecture; often used in pairs as in the capitals of Ionic columns.


Noun Voussoir: A wedge-shaped component of an arch.

Wrought Iron

Iron that is worked by being forged or hammered.


During the Renaissance wealthy and learned men collected works of art, natural phenomena and scientific and tecnical objects in a study or series of rooms. The collection was not governed by any strict criteria and was intended to reflect the owner’s encyclopedic knowledge. Examples exist in the ‘studiolo’ of Francesco de’ Medici and the Wunderkammern of various aristocrats in central and northern Europe.


Noun Zeitgeist – literally means “the spirit of the times” or “the spirit of the age.” Zeitgeist is the defining spirit or mood of a particular period of history as shown by the ideas and beliefs of the time. Zeitgeist is the general cultural, intellectual, ethical, spiritual, or political climate within a nation or even specific groups, along with the general ambiance, morals, sociocultural direction, and mood associated with the current era. The term is a loanword from German: Zeit (cognate with “tide”) meaning “time” and Geist (cognate with “ghost”) meaning “spirit”. ORIGIN: The concept of Zeitgeist goes back to Johann Gottfried Herder and other German Romanticists, such as Cornelius Jagdmann, but is best known in relation to Hegel’s philosophy of history. In 1769 Herder wrote a critique of the work Genius saeculi by the philologist Christian Adolph Klotz and introduced the word Zeitgeist into German as a translation of genius saeculi (Latin: genius – “guardian spirit” and saeculi – “of the age”).



Zoophorus – in Medieval Architecture it is a sculptured frieze with Animal reliefs placed between the architrave and cornice, as on he Theseum in Athens.

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